Captain James Ernest Newland, 12th Battalion, AIF, Victoria Cross action on 8 April and
James Newland was born at
. He served in the Boer War before becoming a regular soldier. In August 1914 he transferred to the AIF. He took part in the Gallipoli landing; he was soon wounded and evacuated and, later that year, commissioned. In 1916 he went to Highton, Victoria France as battalion adjutant, and was Mentioned in Despatches at Pozières.
Newland was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on three occasions over 7–9 April, and
15 April 1917. Near Boursies and , he led strong attacks and repelled enemy counter-attacks. "It was [his] tenacity and disregard for his own safety that encouraged the men to hold out." In early May, Newland was again wounded. Lagnicourt, France
Australia, Newland served in the army until 1941. He worked briefly for the Red Cross then joined the inspection staff at Footscray Ammunition Factory, Melbourne, until his death in 1949.